Diplomatic relations between Ukraine and Luxembourg have been established on 31 December 1991.
Luxembourg supports Ukraine in its struggle for sovereignty, territorial integrity and independence, and condemns Russia's armed aggression in Donbas and occupation of Crimea. As a non-permanent member of the UN Security Council (2013-2014), in the midst of the Revolution of Dignity, Luxembourg politically coordinated difficult debates at the fateful meetings of the UN Security Council where the situation in Ukraine has been discussed. Luxembourg has joined EU decisions on restrictive measures against Russia. On 18 March 2015, the Parliament of Luxembourg ratified the Association Agreement between Ukraine and the EU by accelerated procedure.
The bilateral relations between Ukraine and Luxembourg are pragmatic and mutually beneficial: this country pursues an active economic foreign policy and is interested in establishing a full-fledged partnership with Kiev, first of all, in the fields of agriculture, high-tech and space exploration.
On October 22, 2015, Luxembourg Prime Minister K. Bettel paid a working visit to Ukraine (for the first time since 1997), where he met with the President and the Prime Minister of Ukraine.
Both countries have an intense dialogue at the level of Ministers of Foreign Affairs - P. Klimkin and J. Asselborn - the last visit of whom to Kiev has been organized on March 25, 2019. Minister Asselborn and Minister Klimkin have re-confirmed the willingness of the parties to expand the range of bilateral cooperation.
The perspective direction of relations between Ukraine and Luxembourg is also an inter-parliamentary cooperation: after the parliamentary elections in this country (in October 2018), the composition of the so-called "Friendship Group", headed by the Head of the House of Deputies of the Grand Duchy Mr.Fernand Etgen creates a good basis for this important level of diplomacy.
On December 5-6 2019 a first meeting between Foreign Ministers Jean Asselborn and Vadym Prystaiko has been held within the framework of the Ministerial OSCE Meeting in Bratislava.
On 24 April 2020 newly appointed Ukrainian Foreign Minister Dmytro Kuleba had a first telephone conversation with his Luxembourgish colleague Minister Jean Asselborn.